The history of dragon （ How did Japanese dragons come into being ）
When the ancient Chinese culture was introduced to Japan, the dragon culture was also introduced to Japan. It has been more than two years. After the Japanese absorbed the dragon culture, they established a unique dragon system, a development trajectory different from that of China. In Japan at that time, rice cultivation was the main productive force, and the introduction of the dragon culture made the dragon one of the gods worshipped by the Japanese. When encountering droughts or floods, the Japanese would pray to the dragon and offer sacrifices to the dragon to pray for the dragon's blessing. Hope to get the weather suitable for planting.
In Japan's modern society, although there have been drastic changes, it is not a complete revolution. Therefore, the social system is relatively responsible, resulting in a variety of different social thoughts, and each thought has its own status and influence. In the rural society of Japan, the custom of offering sacrifices to the dragon is still kept regularly. The farmers who are engaged in rice planting are the protagonists of sacrifice activities. They still pray for good weather in the new year through sacrifice.
n the 6th century, Buddhism and Taoism were introduced into Japan at the same time, and rapidly spread. It adds a lot of wonderful content to the spiritual culture of Japan. It also changed a lot of Japanese thinking. Under the influence of Buddhism and Taoism, the Japanese thought of ruling the country also changed. Both Buddhism and Taoism have dragon culture. Therefore, Japan began to combine dragon with Buddhism and Taoism. In ancient Japan, the dragon culture represented by the Dragon God began to form, and became the patron saint of Japanese agriculture, because at that time, Japan was mainly a loyal agricultural society with rice planting. Japanese culture is closely related to China. Some people think that culture mainly originated in India. Different opinions have different reasons when India was introduced into China and then Japan.
So why did the Dragon become the God of controlling water?
As early as a long time ago in the history of Japan, there were dragon patterns. In the first century B.C., there are dragon patterns on the unearthed pottery, which are widely distributed in many parts of Japan. Similar dragon patterns are also found in Japanese bronze mirrors, and the image of green dragon appears in the murals of ancient tombs. Qinglong appeared in the tombs of powerful people at that time, which also represented the status and function of dragon's patron saint. However, at that time, the dragon was not the God who could control the water. Later, Buddhist rituals began to appear in Japan. There were Buddhist rituals praying for rain. As the patron saint of Buddhism, the dragon also appeared in the rituals. People pray to God, God through the Dragon God to rain, so the Dragon God has become the connection between man and heaven. In the eyes of the Japanese, when it rains, there is always lightning, and lightning happens to be a bit similar to the image of the dragon, so the Japanese think that lightning is the manifestation of the dragon. Every time it rains, the dragon will appear with lightning, so people begin to think that the dragon is the God who can control the rain. In Japan, where rice cultivation is the main industry, the dragon is naturally worshipped as the highest god, and the dragon is considered to be the Savior. Therefore, there were different rituals to worship the Dragon God all over the country at that time.
In the history of Japan, there have been large-scale exclusion activities against Buddhism. People smashed Buddha statues and destroyed temples. However, the dragon god, which is closely related to Buddhism, is still respected by people and has not been destroyed. The position of the dragon god in Japanese traditional society is closely related to the attitude of the Japanese people towards foreign cultures. The Japanese are good at learning from the strengths of others. When absorbing foreign culture and knowledge, the Japanese people will learn selectively. They will learn technical things, then combine their own culture, complete the combination of the two, and then enter the mainstream society. The introduction of the dragon culture conformed to the needs of the agricultural society at that time. Therefore, in the more than a thousand years since the introduction of the dragon culture to Japan, it has been fully localized, caring for agriculture, and focused on controlling rain, and at the same time, many Japanese stories have been derived. Today, when water conservancy is developed and agricultural technology is advanced, in rural Japan, the dragon is still an indispensable god in people's hearts, and it is placed in ceremonies to be worshipped by the Japanese every year.
With the modernization of Japan, there are a lot of new technologies in the field of agriculture. It can be said that Japan's agricultural science and technology is as advanced as the national industrial science and technology, and it is among the advanced countries in Asia and the world. However, in the traditional belief, the Japanese are still inseparable from the god Buddha, believing that the creation of material is the result of God's blessing. Therefore, in this environment, the Dragon God is still worshipped and sacrificed by the Japanese. On the day of sacrificial activities, people will draw some flags with dragon patterns, and then people will hold a ceremony on the top of the mountain. In the temples on the top of the mountain, people will place tributes, including fish, meat and wine specially for gods. And some monks will be invited to chant and pray. In the process of chanting sutras, people will drink the wine. There will be dancers dancing and singing at the same time. The dance usually lasts one hour and the whole ceremony lasts ten days. In this way, the Japanese will pray for the Dragon God to give them enough rain, and pray for the Dragon God to bless their crops to grow healthily. So people pay special attention to the praying ceremony, hoping that the Dragon God can see their piety and get the protection of the Dragon God.